US and British universities dominate in academic excellence but Asia is catching up fast, an influential education rankings report has said.
The California Institute of Technology kept its top spot in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings for 2012-2013 which also saw the University of Oxford rising two positions -- ahead of Harvard -- to jointly share second place with Stanford University.
The United States retained the overall number one spot with 76 of its universities securing a place in the top 200 institutions, followed by Britain.The University of Cambridge slipped one place to seventh while the Imperial College London held on to the eight spot.
France has seven institutions in the top 200 compared to five last year.A closer analysis of the rankings, however, showed many US and British institutions losing ground in contrast to Asia. Universities in China, Singapore, Taiwan and especially South Korea witnessed a surge in performance in what was described as evidence of a power shift from the West to the East.
Dirk Van Damme, head of the Innovation and Measuring Progress Division at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), said: "Academic excellence is gradually shifting away from the 20th-century centres. The US and the UK still dominate the absolute summit, but they face a severe loss of total position in the top 200 list."
The ranking system warned of Britain slipping into global mediocrity within a generation due to funding cuts, higher tuition fees and rising global competition. "Outside the golden triangle of London, Oxford and Cambridge, England's world-class universities face a collapse into global mediocrity," Phil Baty, editor of the Times Higher Education rankings, said.
"Huge investment in top research universities across Asia is starting to pay off. And while the sun rises in the East, England faces a perfect storm," he added.The Times used 13 performance indicators to evaluate more than 700 universities including on research, teaching, knowledge transfer and international outlook.