The Prime Minister, Dr Manmohan Singh unveiled the Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STI) 2013, which will give thrust to innovation and establishing research institutes for more inclusive growth of the nation. STI 2013 was unveiled at the inaugural session of the Centenary session of the Indian Science Congress.
The STI Policy seeks to send a signal to the Indian scientific community, both in the private and public domain, that science, technology and innovation should focus on faster, sustainable and inclusive development of the people. The policy seeks to focus on both STI for people and people for STI. It aims to bring all the benefits of Science, Technology & Innovation to the national development and sustainable and more inclusive growth. It seeks the right sizing of the gross expenditure on research and development by encouraging and incentivizing private sector participation in R & D, technology and innovation activities.
The policy also seeks to trigger an ecosystem for innovative abilities to flourish by leveraging partnerships among diverse stakeholders and by encouraging and facilitating enterprises to invest in innovations. It also seeks to bring in mechanisms for achieving gender parity in STI activities and gaining global competitiveness in select technological areas through international cooperation and alliances. The policy goal is to accelerate the pace of discovery, diffusion and delivery of science led solutions for serving the aspirational goals of India for faster, sustainable and inclusive growth. A Strong and viable Science, Research and Innovation system for High Technology led path for India (SRISHTI) are the goal for the STI policy.
The key features of the STI policy 2013 are to promote the spread of scientific temper amongst all sections of society, Enhancing skills for applications of science among the young from all social sectors. It also aims to encourage young people to make careers in science, research and innovation. The policy aims for establishment of world class infrastructure for R&D for gaining global leadership in some select frontier areas of science, positioning India among the top five global scientific powers by 2020 and creating an environment for enhanced private sector participation in R&D.
Implementation of the proposals contained in the Policy will necessitate consultations with different government departments/ministries and agencies besides consultations with overarching, science and engineering academies industry and business associations etc. Accordingly DST will establish a Policy Implementation Group to expeditiously operationalise the proposals within the next two years.